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How to Make a Roux without Flour?

Have you ever wondered how to make a roux without flour?

You don’t have to resort to a gluten-free diet in order to avoid those pesky carbohydrates – it is entirely possible to make your favorite sauces and soups with alternative ingredients.

Making roux without flour is easier than you think, but choosing the right substitution for the flour can be daunting.

So what are the five best substitutes for flour when it comes to making roux? The key is understanding each type’s consistency, texture, and flavor.

Armed with this knowledge, alternatives such as vegetable oils and starch-based powders can open up a whole range of delicious possibilities.

What is Roux?

Roux is a cooking component used to thicken sauces and soups.

It is made from equal parts fat and flour that are heated together until the desired consistency is achieved and the correct color appears.

Dating back to 18th century France, Roux was originally used as a thickener for stews and sauces, with many French chefs using it to highlight flavors within otherwise bland-looking dishes.

When mixed together properly, it has a smooth yet creamy texture that hides beneath the smoothness and can blend nicely with hearty dishes such as bisques or chowders.

It also provides a further depth of flavor when combined with other ingredients such as vegetable or beef stock, herbs, garlic, onion, butter, or cream.

Roux can be used to make gravy, biscuits, pie crusts, or stuffing while adding richness along the way.

Can You Make Roux without Flour?

It is often assumed that a roux must include flour in its ingredients, but in actuality, you can create a richly flavored and textured roux without flour.

Roux, which is a combination of fat and starch, forms the basis of many sauces, such as bechamel and etouffée.

It’s interesting to note that while pure flour was the original form of the starch used to make these amazing sauces, it is possible to substitute other starches like cornstarch or arrowroot with excellent results.

The trick behind making a delicious roux sans flour is all about finding the right balance of fat and starch so that taste and texture are both palatable; underdone roux tends to be gritty and greasy, while overdone versions become clumpy and dense.

With practice, anyone can master this technique for producing flavorful sauces without depending on one particular ingredient.

The 5 Best Substitutes for Flour to Make Roux

If you are looking for a gluten-free, low-carb alternative to flour, then you’ve come to the right place.

Making a roux is an essential cooking skill that can be used in many dishes and sauces; however, traditional recipes call for white flour as the main ingredient.

Thankfully, there are some great alternatives that provide excellent results and are much healthier for you.

Here are the five best substitutes for flour to make a roux.

1 – Tapioca Flour

Tapioca flour has rightfully earned its place in the pantry of any serious home cook or baker.

This naturally gluten-free flour is derived from cassava root and is increasingly versatile, as it can be used in so many creative culinary innovations.

Tapioca flour has a creamy white color and mild taste, which lends itself to subtle flavor enhancements while allowing other ingredients to shine, like spices, herbs, and sautéed vegetables.

As a thickener, it has a distinct texture giving your preparations an unusual body that makes it a very pleasant experience for the palette.

When used as a roux base for sauces or soups, the cornstarch equivalent would be four tablespoons of tapioca flour combined with six tablespoons of water fully incorporated until completely smooth and free of lumps.

If you are looking for something hip yet incredibly tasty on your next dinner menu, tapioca flour could very well make all the difference.

2 – Arrowroot Flour

Arrowroot flour is the perfect solution for your gluten-free baking needs.

Derived from the arrowroot plant, this flour adds a unique natural sweetness to baked goods.

It has a waxy texture and a taste that is difficult to describe – but it can be likened to something between cornstarch and potatoes.

Its neutral flavor also makes it perfect for many sauces and stews; it can easily substitute wheat flour when creating a roux.

When used in baking, keep in mind that there will be no gluten development, so you may need to experiment with adding other flours or xanthan gum to get the right consistency and texture.

Get creative with arrowroot flour and expand the possibilities of deliciousness.

3 – Potato Starch

Potato starch may sound like a rather obscure ingredient, but as it turns out, it is extremely versatile and can be used in a range of applications.

Not only is it gluten-free, but its neutral taste and smooth texture make it perfect for use in cooking – whether thickening sauces, making baked treats, or adding crispness to fried foods.

Perhaps one of the most notable uses of potato starch is when substituting it for flour when making a roux.

Roux is a French culinary staple that blends equal parts fat and flour to thicken sauces and dishes; when compared to other starches, such as cornstarch, potato starch roux offers a better flavor and improved texture.

So next time you go shopping for ingredients, don’t forget about this unique starched product – your culinary creations will thank you for it.

4 – Buckwheat Starch

Buckwheat starch is an intriguing ingredient, often used as a thickener in gravy and sauce recipes.

Unlike flour, which is derived from wheat, buckwheat starch is produced from hulled buckwheat seeds.

It has a nutty flavor and lends a creamy yet crunchy texture to food when cooked correctly.

For those looking to substitute flour for making a roux-based sauce or gravy, buckwheat starch should be the first choice.

When mixing equal parts of the starch with butter helps create an even consistency that will give you that velvet-like texture desired in some gravies and sauces recipes.

5 – Ground Flaxseeds

Ground flaxseeds can be a bewildering ingredient to find in the kitchen.

But there are many benefits to adding this powerful dietary supplement to your diet.

A single tablespoon has 2g of dietary fiber and 1.

28g of protein — making it a significant source of essential nutrients.

Plus, these tiny crunchy morsels add a pleasant nutty flavor and slightly crunchy texture to whichever dish they are added to.

If you’re watching your carb intake, the great news is that you can use ground flaxseeds in place of regular flour for cooking – like thickening sauces or making a roux – as a healthier substitute.


In conclusion, making roux doesn’t have to be a confusing ordeal.

Though traditionally made with wheat flour, there are many alternatives that you can use in its place.

From tapioca flour, arrowroot flour, and potato starch to buckwheat starch and ground flaxseeds – the possibilities are endless.

Each of these options brings something unique to the table when it comes to flavor and texture, so why not experiment with them today?

You never know – one of these substitutes for flour could very well make all the difference.

Yield: 1 Serving

How to Make a Roux without Flour? 5 Great Alternatives

How to Make a Roux without Flour? 5 Great Alternatives
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 15 minutes
Total Time 30 minutes


  • Tapioca Flour
  • Arrowroot Flour
  • Potato Starch
  • Buckwheat Starch
  • Ground Flaxseeds


  1. Pick your favorite substitute from the list above.
  2. Follow cooking directions for your selected substitute with the proper ratio of ingredients.
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